These are identified by Jeffrey Beall (2010) as deceitful open access publishers who publishing articles with little or no real peer review. It is an exploitative academic publishing business model that involves charging publication fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals.

Characteristics of Predatory Journals

According to Dinaharan, University of Johannesburg, predatory journals have the following characteristics

  1. Emphasizing on open access fee 
  2. Not listed in Scopus or Thomson Reuters web of science database
  3. Promising acceptance in fewer days
  4. Not subjecting the submitted manuscripts to peer review process
  5. Bombarding your email, again and again, begging for submission
  6. Showing unrealistic impact factors (>2 to 10) for a journal which does not have back volumes for at least last five years 
  7. Having the same name as that of some established journals causing confusion for authors
  8. Do not have proper DOI (Digital Object Identifier). If you put the DOI in the website, it will not redirect to journal link where article is published
  9. Appointing fake or name shake editorial board
  10. Advertising too much for "Call for papers"
  11. Overseeing or bypassing plagiarism check before acceptance 
  12. The scope of the journal is ambiguous accepting multidisciplinary topics for publication

To view a list of all possible predatory journals and more information, open here.

Also open here to see updated and original Jeffrey Beall list of Predatory Journals.